The Great Gatsby and the Great War
by Feross Aboukhadijeh, 11th grade
The Great War, more commonly known as World War I, influences F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel in many important ways. The War directly causes Gatsby to lose his lover Daisy and is responsible for his Montenegro medal and significant “Oxford education”.
World War I forced many young American men to leave their family to fight a war in unfamiliar European territory. Unexpectedly drafted into a conflict that they had little concern for, the War inexplicably altered the lives of millions of Americans. Faced with terrible conditions and unbridled inhumanity many soldiers returned home insane or permanently shocked from their war experiences. To add insult to injury, the government failed in its duty to assist veterans economically after they returned from the War. For Gatsby, World War I meant that he would have to leave his sweetheart Daisy behind while he fought overseas. Though they regularly sent letters to each other at first, Daisy eventually grows tired of waiting for Gatsby and marries Tom Buchanan; Gatsby literally loses Daisy to the War. When Gatsby returns he is extremely poor, barely surviving from day to day. He is forced to wear his military uniform for months after his return because he is unable to purchase civilian clothing. When offered lunch by Meyer Wolfshiem, Gatsby “ate more than four dollars' worth of food in half an hour” (179). Without money Gatsby could no longer attract Daisy like in his youth. Gatsby’s sad story was echoed by an entire generation of American veterans.
When horrible images and nightmares of war haunted a soldier’s dreams upon his return, one of the few things he could have pride about were his metals. Symbols of brave, courageous deeds, metals offered a soldier honors and welcome when he returned home. Many decorated soldiers were hailed as national heroes at first, but were quickly forgotten. In Gatsby’s case, he fought bravely in a number of important battles and was promoted to the rank of “Major” earning honors from “every Allied nation”. Of particular significance to Gatsby was the metal from “little Montenegro” which he carried with him throughout the story for good luck.
Upon their return, some lucky soldiers were offered opportunities for higher education. The U.S. government attempted to compensate soldiers for their time in service with higher education but fell short; hundreds of thousands of uneducated soldiers became “bums” upon their return to the U.S. Gatsby was one of the soldiers fortunate enough to attend Oxford University. However, Gatsby’s stay was only five months long and was especially consequential because it was the final event that lost him Daisy.
After World War I, American society enjoyed unprecedented levels of prosperity and entered a period known as the Roaring 20s as the economy soared. However, for many American veterans the illusion of prosperity presented by the 1920s could not compensate for precious time lost forever to the War.
Aboukhadijeh, Feross. "Sample Informative Essay - "Great War"" StudyNotes.org. Study Notes, LLC., 17 Nov. 2012. Web. 13 Mar. 2018. <https://www.apstudynotes.org/english/sample-essays/informative-essay-great-war/>.
How to Write an Informative essay, useful tips
The aim of your informative essay is not in giving your opinion, but to inform and educate your audience on a topic given. Sometimes, informative speech essays are also called the expository essays and it is not for convincing someone to change his/her beliefs.
In addition, being informative it means to be interesting. Nevertheless, you can share your thoughts concerning the issue you care about, what has surprised you and made think about it, but not in persuasive tone.
Generally, your informative essay might:
- Inform readers about some problem they are not aware
- Explain its importance
- Present the latest research on a topic
- Compare viewpoints on a controversial subjects
- Analyze a cause-effect relationship
Sometimes it happens that creation of your own essay requires analysis and processing of someone’s other informative text and thoughts. To implement this properly, it is worth remembering three simple rules:
- To cut down the field of your own efforts and time spent, it’s not necessary to work with an entire text. Select a specific, most informative fragment and work with it.
- If author’s thoughts are needed to be express, do it, but without distortion and in a short form.
- And the final stage will be your informative presentation, compiled from such passages.
Informative speech essay and its structure
Unlike some other scientific work, informative essays has no clear structure, however, the basic principles of writing must be met. For this course, your essay should be 3–5 pages in length and use at least four sources. Preferably, a formal academic writing style should be used, instead of saying «I think» or relying on personal experience.
The basic structure of an informative essay is very simple. As a simple persuasive essay, it needs to have: the introduction, the body and the conclusion. The primary, while writing an essay, is your topic presence. This topic will be the title of your work. The cover page, if needed, should be filled according to your educational institution forms.
The beginning, or introduction, needs to present the topic and grab your audience attention. It needs to include the focus sentence for the entire essay. The first paragraph starts with a general idea (compared to the thesis) and gradually gets more and more specific. Give some background information about the key words and terminology. Foreshadow the key points and main information that your essay will give. After that, finish with your thesis. Usually, the informative essay thesis can be as comparison viewpoints on a controversial subject or different sources data on a certain issue analysis, etc. Don’t forget to research and gather all the pertinent details on that subject.
The body of your informative speech essay should provide all the necessary information and materials to your audience. It has to piece out fully the lack of information on this issue. Use various sources, facts and expert judgments. Make sure all your facts are accurate. Create an outline that will organize your facts in a logical way. If a simple persuasive essay contains one statement for one paragraph and relevant evidence, then, in our case, each paragraph must contain a certain informative facts line. For example: if your issue is «Understanding the Link between Cholesterol and Heart Disease», then your body must contain full and comprehensive particulars about the reported cases of heart disease, its numbers and severity of the problem.
Then, tell about the research and experiments that prove possible connection of Cholesterol and Heart Disease, as well as specify necessarily, all arguments against this theory. Present all the necessary statistics and facts.
As usual, move here from specific to general. You should to restate about the seriousness of issue and summarize the facts for and against the main thesis of your topic. As the example of informative essay closing, you can start with the following words: «So that now you know more about the elevated blood cholesterol or hypercholesterolemia and that it can be one of the most important risk factors for myocardial infarction. » However, you should NEVER introduce some new information or ideas in the conclusion. Its main purpose is to round off your informative essay by summing up.
And finally, remember that informative essay is not a persuasive essay; it should be objective and impartial. It is the best way to explain something that is complicated…in an uncomplicated way.
7 steps to succeed in the informative essay writing
- Choose the topic for your informative essay.
- Remember that the aim of informative essay is not impose your view, but to inform and educate the audience on a topic chosen.
- Create the outline that will organize your facts in a logical way.
- List all the questions you have about your topic and what you are going to perform.
- Gather all the necessary information for the work, from at least four sources.
- Research your topic online and in a library. Find authoritative, credible sources
- Analyze the facts and research details found.
- Present the topic and grab your audience attention.
- Give some background information about the key words and terminology.
- Compare the viewpoints and facts on a controversial subject or different sources data.
- Start with a general idea which gradually get more and more specific.
Imagine the inverted pyramid:
-Provide all the necessary information and materials to your target audience
-Use various sources, facts and expert judgments
-Make sure all your facts are accurate
- Restate about the seriousness of issue and summarize the facts for and against your main thesis
- Never introduce some new information or ideas in the conclusion
- The main purpose for your conclusion is to round off the essay by summing up
Analyze all the work done.
Think whether all the information has been provided and if there could arise any prejudices in the audience according to the material presented
Informative essay is not a persuasive essay;
It should be objective and impartial;
Your writing should be both informative and interesting without making an argument or imparting the author’s view point
It is the best way to explain something that is complicated…in an uncomplicated way.
Here are some possible titles for your informative essay to choose from:
How to Buy a Nice House
Understanding Your Credit Score
The Importance of Regular Daily Exercises
The Causes of Global Warming
Cost Savings of Hybrid Vehicles
Qualifications of Contractors
Understanding the Link between Cholesterol and Heart Disease
Defining Poverty in the City of Chicago
Reducing Carbon Emissions with Alternative Fuels
How to Get your Commercial Driver’s License
The Health Benefits and disadvantages of a Vegetarian Diet
Why Cleaning Your Ducts is Important
Understanding Geothermal Heating and Cooling