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Us Stamp Identifier Proofs And Essays

Essays are designs for stamp vignettes, stamp borders, or both combined, that were never approved and used in the final printing of a stamp. Even though a design is finally adopted with only slight modifications, it is still an "essay". To attain the status of a proof, a proposed design, or essay, must be exactly like the issued stamp for which it was submitted.

All U.S. stamps were made by private bank note companies from 1847 to 1894. Essays and printing bids were submitted by those firms. As early as 1851, the U.S. Post Office Department established a policy of advertising for stamp proposals to be accompanied by essays, or examples of the stamps to be furnished. After the bids were opened, an Expert Committee was asked to rule on the designs, colors and paper.

Today, the procedure is usually for the Citizens' Stamp Advisory Committee to pass on a U.S. stamp subject, choose an artist or artists to design a stamp for the printing medium selected, then take the final artwork to the postmaster general for his approval.

Not always is the first assigned artist able to render a satisfactory design. A case in point would be the 1984 Louisiana World Exposition stamp. On this occasion, the first artist submitted designs that were not acceptable. The Postal Service and CSAC turned to designer Chuck Ripper, who came up with the final stamp art on his first attempt.

Essays on older U.S. issues were made in small quantities; usually the outside printing firm kept several copies. Today, design essays are kept by the U.S. Postal Service; few, if any, ever reach the stamp trade in any format.

Early essays could take the form of vignette models mounted on a card. Around the design, the artist might draw in pencil cross-hatching, or even the suggested frame and lettering. Combinations of essays for the vignette and the frame were sometimes built into full models in the exact size of the final stamp.

Occasionally, essays are now prepared as artists' sketches. In a number of early cases, however, finished plate essays fully gummed, perforated, and sometimes grilled would be submitted. All such material, whether just an art sketch or final plate proof, remains an essay until the production and release of a stamp exactly like it. Then it becomes a proof.

It should be noted that reprints of stamps previously issued and sold by the Postal Service are not classified as proofs, even though such reprints may have been sold for collectors' benefit only.

When an essay was fully approved, one engraver may have done the vignette only and had proofs of his work pulled at any point. Another engraver, completing the frame and lettering, may also have had progress proofs of his work made. Two groups of proofs of one stamp were ultimately created: one for the vignette and one for the frame.

When Ripper's art for the Louisiana Expo issue was accepted, it became an "artist's proof." As engravers have copies of their work printed, these are called "progressive proofs", or "engraver's proofs." Proofs taken from a die are "die proofs"; those pulled from a plate before printing are "plate proofs." Various colors often are used in making proofs; these are "trial color proofs," but genuine design proofs nonetheless. When a proof is printed in the exact color of the stamp, it is termed a "color proof".

Although proofs are known to exist in many varied styles, those listed below are the most common:

Large die proofs were printed on paper about the size of the engraver's die block, 40 millimeters by 50mm, or larger. Margins often show the imprint, letters and numbers of the original contract printers. In the United States these large die proofs usually were printed on India paper and mounted on cards. Those with the engraver's name or an official approval designation are highly valued.

Small die proofs have extremely narrow margins, seldom larger than 3mm to 5mm in width. Approximately 300 types were printed for 85 album sets prepared by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing in 1904. These are found on a fibrous, white wove paper. Another special printing of 413 different small die proofs was made for the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition. These were produced on a soft, yellowish wove paper, and are extremely scarce.

Plate proofs are found on both India paper and card stock. They were made from finished plates and are excellent impressions, showing a sharpness and color far superior to the stamps themselves.

Hybrid proofs are really plate proofs of all issues prior to 1894. They have been cut to shape and pressed onto large cards to resemble the large die proofs.

Card proofs are printed on high-quality, clear white card stock, which can vary in thickness.

India paper proofs are on a thin, soft, opaque paper, which wrinkles when wet. This paper also varies in thickness and shows particles of bamboo. Strangely, India paper was developed in China in the 18th century, and was once referred to as "China paper".

The U.S. Essay-Proof Society, which has since disbanded, defined a proof as "any impression, the design of which was approved for use on an issued stamp of an established government or private post, from any die, plate, stone or type, printed for the purpose of (1) examination or reference, (2) for determination of satisfactory quality of design, color, ink, or imprinted surface, or (3) for determination of the effect of cancellation or method of separation".

The Scott Specialized Catalogue of U.S. Stamps lists hundreds of varieties of proofs and trial color proofs from the postmasters' provisionals of New York (1845) and Providence (1846) to the 6¢ 50th Anniversary of Powered Flight airmail of May 1953. The Scott roster includes only those proofs outside of government ownership.

Up until a half century ago or more, stamp proofs were available to the stamp trade. In early days, congressmen could secure them for their constituents upon request. Thousands were distributed in this manner, creating a collecting irony of sorts: The proofs of modern U.S. stamps usually are not available, while older proofs are frequently offered for sale.

Today, proofs are retained only by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing and the United States Postal Service. Engravers were allowed to keep a proof for themselves long after they became unavailable for congressional requests, but those were the only copies outside of government ownership. Occasionally, a retired engraver's estate may include a proof for outside sale, but that is extremely infrequent. The last 1953 airmail proof may have come from that source.

For all practical purposes, modern U.S. proofs are now akin to a dead country that no longer issues stamps. They are no longer obtainable by anyone.


Essays

George T. Jones Essays

112-E1b
George T. Jones Grant essay (no value) on India paper in red with light gray overprint, bright color. There is a small piece missing at the top right, otherwise very five. This fault could be masked with a piece of red paper for exhibit purposes. SCV: $3,500.00 Net $1,250.00

112-E1b
George T. Jones Grant essay (no value) on India paper in black with light violet overprint. The overprint is missing from the top two-thirds of the essay. Full margins to just touching, rich color, and light creases. Essay depicts Ulysses S. Grant, who was a living presidential candidate at the time of the bidding process for the 1869 contract. Ex-Heimburger $3,250.00

One-cent

112-E1b
1c Franklin plate essay on stamp paper, OG, imperforate and not grilled, in buff or orange-brown. Please specify color. $100.00 each

112-E4c
1c Franklin plate essay on stamp paper, OG, perforated and not grilled, in buff. $100.00 each

112-E4c
1c Franklin plate essay on stamp paper, OG, perforated and not grilled, block of four in buff. Ex-Young $400.00 each, block of eight $800.00

112-E4c
1c Franklin plate essay on stamp paper, part OG, perforated and not grilled, block of fifteen in buff. This maybe the largest remaining multiple. Ex-Young $1,500.00

112-E4c
1c Franklin plate essay on stamp paper, OG, perforated and not grilled, bottom sheet margin imprint pair in orange-brown. Ex-Young $400.00

112-E4d
1c Franklin plate essays on stamp paper, OG, perforated and grilled 9x9 mm. Please order by position. $110.00 each

112-E4d
1c Franklin plate essays on stamp paper, OG, perforated and grilled 9x9 mm, blocks of four (Red-brown, chocolate, and buff) Please order by position. $400.00 each

Two-cent

113-E3e
2c Post rider plate essays on stamp paper, OG, perforated, and grilled 9x9 mm, fine-very fine. Please order by position. $45.00 each

113-E3e
2c Post rider plate essays on stamp paper, OG, perforated, and grilled 9x9 mm, very-fine. This is as good as the centering gets. Please order by position. $80.00 each

113-E3e
2c Post rider plate essays on stamp paper, OG, perforated, and grilled 9x9 mm, blocks of four. Ex-Finkelburg and still mounted on a portion of his exhibit page.  Blue and Deep brown-rose. $295.00 each

113-E3e
2c Post rider plate essays on stamp paper, OG, perforated, and grilled 9x9 mm, blocks of four. Rose, violet, and orange. Very well centered for these! Please order by color. $325.00 each

113-E3e
2c Post rider green plate essay on stamp paper, OG, perforated, and grilled 9x9 mm, block of twelve. This may be the largest remaining multiple. Ex-Young $900.00

Three-cent

114-E6b
3c Locomotive plate essay on stamp paper, OG, imperforate and not grilled. Pale rose, dark red-brown, and red-brown. Please order by color. $85.00 each

114-E6b
3c Locomotive plate essay on stamp paper, OG, imperforate and not grilled. Red-brown bottom right sheet margin block of six, NG. Ex-Young $500.00 Red-brown top right sheet margin pair, OG. Ex-Young $170.00

114-E6b
3c Locomotive plate essay on stamp paper, OG, imperforate and not grilled. Pale rose block of four. Please order by position. $350.00 each Sheet margin single with pencil notation as to color, creased, OG. $50.00 All Ex-Young

114-E6b  
81
3c Locomotive plate essay on stamp paper, OG, imperforate and not grilled. Ultramarine $125.00 each

114-E6c
3c Locomotive, plate essay onstamp paper, OG, perforated and not grilled, in ultramarine. Very scarce. $500.00 each

114-E6d
c Locomotive plate essays on stamp paper, OG, perforated, and grilled 9x9 mm, fine-very fine. Please order by position. $45.00 each

114-E6e
3c Locomotive plate essays on stamp paper, OG, perforated, and grilled 9x9 mm, very-fine. This is as good as thecentering gets. Please order by position. $80.00 each

114-E6e
3c Locomotive plate essays on stamp paper, OG, perforated, and grilled 9x9 mm, position blocks of four (Violet, blue, orange, and rose).. Please order by color. $300.00 each

114-E6e
3c Locomotive plate essays on stamp paper, OG, perforated, and grilled 9x9 mm, block of six (black-brown) $300.00, and blocks of four(Black-brown, red-brown, blue, green). Please order by position. $300.00 each Blocks of four of orange and yellow, $400.00 each.

114-E6e
3c Locomotive plate essay on stamp paper, OG, perforated, and grilled 9x9 mm, left sheet margin block of nine in violet. Ex-Young $625.00 each

114-E6e
3c Locomotive plate essay on stamp paper, OG, perforated, and grilled 9x9 mm, lower left and right sheet margin blocks of twelve in orange. Ex-Young $900.00 each

114-E6e
3c Locomotive plate essay on stamp paper, OG, perforated, and grilled 9x9 mm, right sheet margin block of twelve in blue. Ex-Young $900.00 each


Five-cent

115-E1b
5c Washington, Red-brown die essay pulled on India paper and die sunk on card blotter. Strong impression. $500.00

115-E2b
5c Washington, Black die essay (small letter type) pulled on India paper and die sunk on card blotter. Strong impression. $750.00

115-E2b
5c Washington, Red-brown die essay (small letter type) pulled on India paper and affixed to card blotter. Strong impression. SCV: $750.00 Net $350.00

115-E1b
5c Washington die essay pulled on India paper and die sunk on card blotter. Strong impression, beautiful vivid examples. Orange and carmine. $750.00 each

115-Ek
5c Washington, Blue die essay pulled on white glazed paper. Superb example! $550.00

115-E1i
5c Washington, Black die essay pulled on green veined marbled white card. This is the first time since about 1977 that this has been publicly offered. The catalog is decades behind. Ex-Juhring & Lopez $3,000.00

115-E2c
5c Washington plate essays on wove paper, OG, imperforate. Please order by color. $80.00 each

115-E2c
5c Washington plate essays on wove paper, OG, imperforate, blocks of four. $300.00 each

115-Ed
5c Washington plate essays on wove paper, OG, perforated 12. $200.00 each

115-Ed
5c Washington plate essays on wove paper, OG, perforated 12, blocks of four in orange. Note the missing perforations in the left margins. Blocks $800.00 each, pair $400.00

Ten-cent116-E1j
10c Lincoln, Orange-red die essay on green veined marbled white ivory card. This is the first time since about 1977 that this has been publicly offered. The catalog is decades behind. Ex-Juhring &Lopez$3,000.00

116-E1j
10c Lincoln, Black die essay on green veined marbled white ivory card. This is the first time since about 1977 that this has been publicly offered. The catalog is decades behind. Ex-Juhring$3,000.00

116-E1l
10c Lincoln, Orange plate essay on stamp paper, OG, perforated, block of four. $800.00

116-E2a
10c Signing the Declaration, Black die essay pulled on India paper and die sunk on card blotter. There is a tinge of blue in the black ink. Very rare! Ex-Finkelburg$4,250.00

116-E1c
10c Lincoln, Brown-red die essay with National imprint pulled on India paper and die sunk on 68x75mm card blotter. Ex-Heimburger $1,000.00

116-E1c
10c Lincoln, Black die essay with National imprint pulled on India paper and has been removed from the card blotter. $750.00

116-E1d
10c Lincoln, Green die essay with National imprint pulled on proof paper and has been removed from the card blotter. $695.00

116-E1d
10c Lincoln, Orange die essay with National imprint pulled on proof paper and has been removed from the card blotter. $695.00

116-E1j
10c Lincoln, Brown die essay on red-violet veined marbled white ivory card. This is the first time since about 1977 that this has been publicly offered. The catalog is decades behind. Ex-Juhring & Lopez $3,000.00

116-E1k
10c Lincoln, Ultramarine plate essay on stamp paper, OG, imperforate. $125.00 each

116-E1k
10c Lincoln, Green plate essay on stamp paper, OG, imperforate. $150.00

116-E1k
10c Lincoln, Ultramarine plate essay on stamp paper, OG, imperforate left sheet margin block of four $500.00

116-E1k
10c Lincoln, Blue plate essay on stamp paper, OG, imperforate, block of four. $600.00

116-E4
10c Blue die essay pulled on India paper, 33x52mm with National imprint at the bottom, bright color and very-fine. Ex-Heimburger $2,250.00

Twelve-cent

117-E2c
12c S.S. Adriatic, Green and Brown-rose (color unlisted) die essays of the complete design pulled on India paper, about die block size, sound. SCV: $1,350.00 each Net $675.00 each

117-E1c
2c S.S. Adriatic, Rose die essay pulled on India paper which has been removed from the card blotter. SCV: $1,350.00 Net $800.00

117-E1e
12c S.S. Adriatic, plate essays on stamp paper, OG, perforated, and grilled 9x9 mm. This value rarely comes centered. SCV: $125.00 Net $100.00 each

117-E1e
12c S.S. Adriatic, plate essays on stamp paper, OG, perforated, and grilled 9x9 mm, pairs. This value rarely comes centered. SCV: $250.00 Net $200.00 each

117-E1e
12c S.S. Adriatic, plate essays on stamp paper, OG, perforated, and grilled 9x9 mm, bottom right corner sheet margin singles. This value rarely comes centered. $125.00 each

The Robert Young Collection of 1869 Plate Essay Imprint Blocks
We are pleased to offer a portion of the Robert Young Collection of 1869 Plate Essay Imprint Blocks. Bob spent over 30 years pursuing these blocks. Over the years he was able to create a census of the number of blocks that still exist. Based on his research Bob was able to deduce the number of sheets of each color that were produced. It is hoped that this information will soon be made available to collectors.

113-E3e
2c Post rider plate essay on stamp paper, OG, perforated, and grilled 9x9 mm, bottom sheet margin imprint block of four with pencil notation in the selvage (�4�). Rare Ex-Young $750.00

114-E6d
3c Locomotive plate essay on stamp paper, OG, perforated, and grilled 9x9 mm, top and bottom sheet margin imprint block of four in orange. Rare $750.00 each.  Bottom sheet margin imprint block of eight in black-brown. Rare $1,000.00 Bottom sheet margin imprint block of four in rose. Rare All Ex-Young $750.00

114-E6d
3c Locomotive plate essay on stamp paper, OG, perforated, and grilled 9x9 mm, top sheet margin imprint pair in orange. Rare $400.00 Top sheet margin imprint block of four in orange. Rare $750.00 Partial imprint block of four in green. $300.00 Top sheet margin imprint block of four in green with imprint separated $350.00. Rare all Ex-Young

Fifteen Cent

129-E1a
15c Landing of Columbus, (Type III design as adopted), Ultramarine with red overprint, single color die essay pulled on India paper. Thins away from the design which are typical for these. SCV: $3,500.00 Net $1,500.00

129-E1a
15c Landing of Columbus, (Type III design as adopted), Violet with red overprint, single color die essay pulled on India paper. Thins away from the design which are typical for these. SCV: $3,500.00 Net $1,000.00

129-E1c
15c Landing of Columbus, (Type III design as adopted), Dark red-brown with blue-green overprint, single color die essay pulled on India paper. Thin away from the design which is typical. SCV: $3,500.00 Net $1,750.00

Twenty-four-cent

120-E2c
24c Declaration of Independence, Black plate essay of red-salmon tinted paper. $200.00

120-E2e
24c Declaration of Independence, Black plate essay of dull yellowish tinted paper. $200.00

120-E2j
24c Declaration of Independence, Black plate essay on thick card board. $250.00

Thirty-cent 121-E1a � Full size 8064
30c Burgoyne, Orange full-size die essay pulled on India paper and die sunk on card blotter. Very few full-size examples still exist as most have been cut down by collectors. Rare! Ex-Lakeshore$1,000.00

121-E1a � Full size 8063
30c Burgoyne, Black full-size die essay pulled on India paper and die sunk on card blotter. Very few full-size examples still exist as most have been cut down by collectors. Rare! $1,000.00

121-E1j
30c Burgoyne, Light red-brown, Orange, and Blue die essays pulled on yellowish cloudy bond paper. Typical size for these. SCV: $600.00 each Net $400.00 each

121-E1m
30c Burgoyne, Orange die essay pulled on pale olive-buff paper. Typical size for this. SCV: $600.00 Net $400.00

121-E1o
30c Burgoyne, Bright rose die essay (color unlisted) on very light red-violet veined marbled white ivory card. This is the first time since about 1977 that this has been publicly offered. The catalog is decades behind. Ex-Juhring$3,000.00

121-E1p
30c Burgoyne, Black on Salmon-red surface tinted bond paper, bottom two rows of the sheet with the National Bank Note Company imprint. Probably the largest remaining multiple from the surface tinted series. $3,000.00

121-E1a
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Carmine die essay, with National imprint, pulled on India paper and die sunk on card blotter. $800.00

121-E1a
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Carmine die essay, with National imprint, pulled on India paper and has been removed from the card blotter. $500.00

121-E1a
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Blue die essay, with National imprint, pulled on India paper and die sunk on card blotter. $800.00

121-E1a
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Black die essay, with National imprint, pulled on India paper and die sunk on card blotter. $800.00

121-E1a
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Rose-red die essay, with National imprint, pulled on India paper and die sunk on card blotter. $800.00

121-E1a
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Rose-red die essay, without National imprint, pulled on India paper and has been removed from the card blotter. $500.00

121-E1a
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Orange die essay, with National imprint, pulled on India paper and die sunk on card blotter. $800.00

121-E1g
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Scarlet die essay, with National imprint, pulled on stiff ivory paper and die sunk on card blotter. Very rare thus! $1,000.00

121-E1g
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Blue die essay, with National imprint, pulled on stiff ivory paper and has been removed from the card blotter. $750.00

121-E1i
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Blue and light red-brown die essays pulled on clear white bond. All examples that we have seen are this approximate size. $450.00 each

121-E1o
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Black die essay on red-violet veined marbled white ivory card. This is the first time since about 1977 that this has been publicly offered. The catalog is decades behind. Ex-Juhring & Lopez $3,000.00

121-E1p
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Black plate essays on thin surface tinted paper. Please order by paper color. $175.00 each

121-E1p
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Black plate essay on thin salmon-red surface tinted paper, pair with National imprint at the top. Very scarce! $750.00

121-E1p
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Black plate essay on thin yellow surface tinted paper, bottom right sheet margin pair. $350.00

121-E1p
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Black plate essay on thin pale gray surface tinted paper, upper left corner sheet margin block of four. Nice position piece. $1,250.00

121-E1q
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Black plate essay on India paper, sound. $300.00

121-E1q
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Black plate essay on India paper, bottom sheet margin block of four, sound. Ex-Earl of Crawford $1,000.00

121-E1q
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Black plate essay on India paper, sound. It has been both gummed and perforated at a later date. $150.00

121-E1r
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Black plate essay on thick white rough card. $300.00

121-E1s
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Dull red-violet plate essay on bond paper, with red ruled bands overprinted at the top and bottom. $300.00 each

121-E1s
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Dull red-violet plate essay on bond paper, with red ruled bands overprinted at the top and bottom, upper left sheet margin copy. $400.00 each

121-E1s
30c Surrender of Gen, Burgoyne, Dull red-violet plate essay on bond paper, with red ruled bands overprinted at the top and bottom, block of four. $1,200.00

Ninety-cent

Ninety-cent Essays

122-E2a
90c Washington, Blue-green small numeral die essay pulled on India paper and die sunk on card blotter. Rare! $2,500.00

122-E5a
90c Washington, Carmine, with frame design of the issued stamp, full size die essay pulled on India paper and die sunk on card blotter. National Bank Note Company imprint at the bottom. Probably the only remaining full size example. Ex-Heimburger$5,000.00

122-E5a
90c Washington, Black, with frame design of the issued stamp, die essay pulled on India paper and still affixed to the card blotter. Ex-Finkelburgwhere it sold for $4,750.00 plus the tip. $5,000.00

122-E4a
90c Lincoln, Dark navy-blue small numeral frame essay with black vignette cut from 77P3 proof and pasted into place. SCV: $3,000.00 Net $1,250.00

122-E3
90c Dark blue frame plate essay pulled on India paper. Ex-Finkelburg and mounted on a portion of his exhibit page. $250.00

122-E3
90c frame plate essays pulled on India paper. Please order by color. $225.00 each

122-2b
90c Washington composite essays with black vignettes on stamp paper, imperforate. Please order by color. $275.00 each


Safety Paper Essays
Die essays on thin wove, under printed with various engraved safety paper designs in another color, probably with fugitive ink.

115-E9a
5c Washington, Carmine over black under-printing, type 17 design, sound. Ex-Juhring$3,250.00

115-E11b
10c Lincoln, Blue on brown safety paper with vertical orientation of the under-printing. Type 13 under-printing design. One of the finest safety paper examples. $5.500.00

115-E13a & b
5c Washington, Carmine over orange-brown under-printing, type 15 design. $3,250.00

115-E5a
5c Washington, Carmine Die essay on Scarlet Safety Paper.
Type 1 Underprint, 33x31 mm, trivial corner crease at the bottom right. Very fine, only four different essays are recorded with this underprint. Ex-Earl of Crawford and Finkelburg $3,250.00

115-E5a
5c Washington, Orange Die essay on Brown Safety Paper
Type 3 Underprint, 32x30 mm, glowing die color, couple of minor thin spots. Very fine appearance. The underprints in brown are more scarce than the scarlet.Ex-Earl of Crawford and Finkelburg $3,250.00

115-E5a
5c Washington, carmine Die essay on Brown Safety Paper
Type 3 Underprint, 31x30 mm, gorgeous depth of color for both the die essay and the underprint, trivial thin spot at the top left.. Ex-Earl of Crawford and Finkelburg $3,250.00

115-E5a
5c Washington, Carmine Die essay on Orange-red Safety Paper
Type 3 Underprint, 31x31 mm, fresh and bright colors. Small thin spot, Very fine and rare. Ex-Finkelburg and Heimburger $3,250.00

115-E5c
30c Surrender of Gen. Burgoyne, Carmine Die essay on Orange-red Safety Paper
Type 3 Underprint, 32x32 mm, underprint with horizontal orientation, lovely color, light hinge stain and thins, appears Very fine. Ex-Earl of Crawford and Brazer $3,500.00

115-E6a
5c Washington, Orange Die essay on Scarlet Safety Paper
Type 4 Underprint, 28x28 mm, vivid color, tiny thin, Very fine, this is the only 5c die color known with this type of underprint. Ex-Earl of Crawford and Juhring $3,250.00

115-E7a
5c Washington, Orange Die essay on Black Safety Paper
Type 5 Underprint, 30x26 mm, underprint design ends at top of the die impression creating an interesting visual effect, typical hinge thin near top, appears Very fine. Ex-Earl of Crawford and Juhring $3,250.00

115-E5c
30c Surrender of Gen. Burgoyne, Carmine Die essay on scarlet Safety Paper
Type 5 Underprint, 36x32 mm, vivid complimentary colors, slight translucency at the top does not even qualify as a thin, Very fine Ex-Earl of Crawford and Juhring $3,500.00

115-E8c
30c Surrender of Gen. Burgoyne, Orange Die essay on Black Safety Paper
Type 6 Underprint, 45x38 mm, shows the full top and right trailing edge of the underprint pattern, thin spot, Very fine appearance. Ex-Earl of Crawford and Finkelburg $3,500.00

115-E12c
30c Surrender of Gen. Burgoyne, Black Die essay on Scarlet Safety Paper
Type 14 Underprint, 42x40 mm, fresh and bright color, small thin spot. Very fine appearance and very rare. Ex-Earl of Crawford and Heimburger $3,500.00

115-E14a
5c Washington, Orange Die essay on Scarlet Safety Paper
Type 16 Underprint, 32x31 mm, bright colors, thin spots at the top corners from mount removal, Very fine appearance, a beautiful design, the only 5c essay with this underprint. Ex-Earl of Crawford and Finkelburg $3,250.00

115-E16a
5c Washington, Black Die essay on Scarlet Safety Paper
Type 18 Underprint, 32x28 mm, small thin spot at top, Very fine appearance and very rare. Ex-Finkelburg and Heimburger $3,250.00

115-E19a
5c Washington, Orange Die essay on Scarlet Safety Paper
Type 24 Underprint, 30x31 mm, bright colors, faint narrow thin at top and corner stain , otherwise Very fine. Ex-Earl of Crawford and Finkelburg $3,250.00

115-E19b
10c Lincoln, Carmine Die essay on Scarlet Safety Paper
Type 24 Underprint, 27x30 mm, rich color, small thin spot at top, Very fine appearance. Ex-Earl of Crawford, Finkelburg, Geisler and �Lake Shore� $5,500.00

115-E19b
10c Lincoln, Brown Die essay on Scarlet Safety Paper
Type 24 Underprint, 32x41 mm, showing edge of the underprint design at top, beautiful rich colors, small thin, minor wrinkling at top, Very fine appearance. Ex-Earl of Crawford and Brazer $5,500.00

129-E5
15c Landing of Columbus, Dark Blue Die Essay on Light Scarlet Safety Paper
Type 11 Underprint, 31x30 mm, horizontal underprint, wonderful depth of color, small translucent spot, Very fine. Ex-Earl of Crawford $3,500.00

129-E6
15c Landing of Columbus, Dark Blue Die Essay on Deep Scarlet Safety Paper
Type 12 Underprint, 30x30 mm, spectacular colors, fresh, and Very fine. Ex-Earl of Crawford and Finkelburg $3,500.00

129-E9
15c Landing of Columbus, Dark Blue Die Essay on Deep Scarlet Safety Paper
Type 10 Underprint, 28x28 mm, horizontal underprint, deep rich colors, and tiny translucency at top. Appears Very fine. Ex-Earl of Crawford and Kuphal $3,500.00

129-E9
15c Landing of Columbus, Blue-green Die Essay on Light Scarlet Safety Paper
Type 10 Underprint, 30x29 mm, vertical underprint, rich colors, minor translucency appears Very fine. Ex-Earl of Crawford $3,500.00

Proofs

Die Proofs

112P1
1c Franklin, Buff full size die proof, with National imprint, pulled on India paper and die sunk on card blotter. $750.00

113P1
2c Post Rider, Brown die proof, with National imprint, pulled on India paper and die sunk on card blotter, reduced in size to just beyond the die sinkage area. SCV: $750.00 Net $500.00

116P1
10c Eagle and Shield,Yellow full size die proof, with National imprint, pulled on India paper and die sunk on 144x223 mm card blotter. A trace of presentation album binding along the left edge. Extremely fine. Ex- Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt. $1,250.00

117P1
12c S.S. Adriatic, Green die proof, with National imprint, pulled on India paper and die sunk on card blotter. It is slightly reduced in size. SCV: $900.00 Net $675.00

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